Apple’s macOS operating system has a relatively good reputation for security, as it includes a lot of features that work to protect a Mac computer from viruses and malware, but nevertheless no operating system is completely safe from attack, and ransomware is considered safe from attack. The most famous malware targeting Mac computers.
Here are 5 tips to help you protect your Mac from ransomware:
How does ransomware work?
As the name suggests, this software encrypts your Mac computer or the information stored on it, and then you are required to pay money to regain access to your information or computer again, and the payment methods that cyber criminals offer to obtain money are varied, such as: Paying via PayPal Or, send gift card codes for services such as: (Xbox Live), or use the common method of payment via cryptocurrencies such as: Bitcoin.
How can you protect your Mac computer?
Fortunately, there are a few ways you can protect your Mac from ransomware attacks, such as:
1- Be careful when downloading files from the Internet:
Applications and files that are downloaded from the Internet from unofficial sources are a direct security threat to your data on your Mac computer, which is why Apple has provided a feature called (GatekeeperHelps you protect and secure your Mac against harmful and untrusted applications.
Where the feature alerts you when you download an application from outside the Mac application store or it is not listed in the list of approved Apple developers, and when you try to install an application that violates these rules, the feature will tell you that you should not install the application because it is not from the store or from an approved developer.
And when you choose to ignore this warning, any danger or threat facing your Mac computer will be the result of installing this application at your own risk, and to ensure that the feature is activated, follow the following steps:
- Under (Apple Menu) Apple Menu on the left side of the menu bar, click on the option (System Preferences) System Preferences.
- Click on the option (security and privacy) Privacy & security.
- Click on the General tab, then click on the lock icon at the bottom right of the screen.
- Enter your password to change feature settings.
- Once you open Screen Settings, under the section (Allow apps downloaded from) below, you can select one of the following two options:
The App Store: Allow downloading of apps from the App Store only.
App Store and approved developersThe feature will ask you to confirm that you want to open any application from a known application developer the first time it is opened on your Mac computer.
2- Avoid Downloading Pirated Software:
One of the primary factors in spreading ransomware is through pirated software, because hackers often modify installation files or include additional patches designed for hacking, and also be wary of unknown programs, while it may be tempting to install expensive programs on your Mac computer. You are free of charge, but this may cost you much more than the price of the software license itself.
3- Regular backup of your data on a Mac computer:
Backing up your data is very important if you are afraid of infecting your Mac with a ransomware where you can use a tool (Time Machine) Built into the Mac OS to backup all your files and keep them on an external drive.
Or make a backup copy and keep it in your account in one of the cloud storage services, which is the best solution as you can access this data from anywhere easily.